by Jemin B. Guillermo
Roxas City (27 September) — The rice plantation in Capiz is now suffering from pest infestation.
In a Pest Infestation Advisory of Provincial Agriculturist Sylvia Dela Cruz to Capiz Governor Victor Tanco, she said that the field situation of the rice farmers and the changes in climatic condition are very favorable to the occurrence of insect pests and diseases.
Dela Cruz said that the most prevalent insect pest that attacks the rice plantation here is the brown planthopper which is commonly known to rice farmers as “kaki nga wayawaya.”
As of September 22, 2010, the brown planthopper had already affected 6,562 hectares while the area damaged reached 3,581.55 hectares, she said, adding that 11 percent of the total area planted with rice is already totally damaged.
She revealed that the damage report was only gathered from 10 municipalities, namely Dumarao, Panitan, Dumalag, Cuartero, Maayon, Panay, Pontevedra, Sigma, Ivisan and Mambusao, including Roxas City.
According to her, the affected rice varieties here include NSIC Rc 158, NSIC Rc 146, NSIC Rc 120, NSIC Rc 150, NSIC Rc 134, Rc 10, NSIC Rc 144 and 142, and NSIC Rc 160,118 and 156.
She explained that brown planthopper causes hopperburn and a vector of grassy and ragged stunt diseases more prominently during the early tillering to flowering stages of rice plant.
“It was observed that yield loss can be total if the field is affected by hopperburn at the vegetative stage, but less severe on transplanted rice fields that on direct seeded rice,” Dela Cruz said.